California is located on the western coast of the United States of America and has nearly 800 miles of Pacific coast that has warm and sandy beaches in the south and rocky shores in the north. In the middle of this Pacific coast, there is Big Sur, a place where mountains fall into the sea and creating beautiful scenery.
The central valley of California is protected by a series of low mountains, and that makes this valley the biggest agricultural center in the country. The strong backbone of the country is huge Sierra Nevada mountain, with the highest peak of the continental United State, Mount Whitney. In the Sierra Nevada Mountains can be much colder with snowfalls, and the deserts in California can be very hot in the summer months.
The weather is simple to describe because it is beautiful for living, being, and enjoying in California.
The climate in California is different from area to area, but most locations have the semi-tropical climate. On the southern coast, there is arid desert, and in the north, there is a mildly temperate with colder alpine climate. This is the country to all weather lovers. If you want to swim and sunbathe there are sandy beaches and sunny weather, or if you want to ski just drive up on the mountain and enjoy in the snow. You can do that all in just one day.
The winter is very mild here because the ocean’s breeze controls it, and the summer is not too heat. At the northern part of the state for example in San Francisco is a bit chiller.
The climate in California can be divided into five categories
- Mediterranean climate is in the south region and coast with mild winters and little rain, and very dry, warm summers.
- The Pacific coast makes warmer winters and cooler summers in all coastal regions.
- California in the north has an oceanic climate with lots of rainfalls.
- California inland has a classical continental climate, with colder winters and hotter summers.
- In the valleys of California, you have especially dry summer with the foggy, rainy season.
In general, there are two seasons in California, a long, hot summer with no rain, and mild, rainy winter. The humidity in California is low during the whole year, and in the mountains, you have snow from November to April.
If you are comparing San Francisco and Monterey the difference between average summer and winter temperature is more than 10°F (6°C), and in San Francisco, you have heavy fogs during the summer months. In the mountains, you will face milder summers and colder winters, but in the Imperial Valley is a different story with hot, dry summers and temperatures at around 100°F (38°C).
Average temperatures for California are from 47°F (8°C) in the Sierra Nevada to 73°F (23°C) in the Imperial Valley. In the famous Death Valley in California was recorded the highest temperature ever in the United State, and it was 134° (57°C). That was on 10 July 1913. This Valley has the hottest average temperature in the Western Hemisphere recorded 98°F (37°C). If you continue reading down below there are a list of the cities in California and an average annual temperature.
Los Angeles has an average annual temperature of 63°F (17°C).
San Francisco has an average annual temperature of 57°F (14°C).
San Diego has an average annual temperature of 64°F (18°C).
Sacramento has an average annual temperature of 61°F (16°C).
Sacramento has the most sunshine during the year, San Francisco is the windiest city in California, and in the region of all California, there is a possibility of the tropical rainstorms during the winter months.
The conclusion is very easy to make, California has beautiful weather, with warm and sunny summers and cold and snowy winters.